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By Auguste Comte, J. H. Bridges, Frederic Harrison

In A common View of Positivism French thinker Auguste Comte (1798-1857) offers an outline of his social philosophy referred to as Positivism. Comte, credited with coining the time period 'sociology' and one of many first to argue for it as a technology, is worried with reform, development and the matter of social order in society. during this English variation of the paintings, released in 1865, he addresses the sensible difficulties of imposing his philosophy or doctrine, as he additionally refers to Positivism, into society. He believes that society evolves via a chain of phases which are governed by means of social legislation and culminate in a solid type of social lifestyles. in this reorganisation of society, so that it will locate its maximum supporters between girls and the operating type, a 'new ethical energy' will emerge. less than the motto 'love, order and development' Comte needs humanism to interchange organised faith because the item of non secular worship.

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The natural result of the process was to stimulate metaphysical and scientific pride, and to promote views subversive of all social order. CHAP. ] THE INTELLECTUAL CHARACTER OF POSITIVISM. 19 But Positivism, while systematically adopting the principle here spoken of as the foundation of individual and social discipline, interprets that principle in a different way. It teaches that while it is for the heart to suggest our problems, it is for the intellect to solve them. Now the intellect was at first quite inadequate to this task, for which a long and laborious training was needed.

Dually grow- meanings to any single thinker. ing from the , ° / • i _ . , , I t is the slow j. earliest times, result oi a vast process carried out in separate complete. departments, which began with the first use of our intellectual powers, and which is only just completed in those who exhibit those powers in their highest form. During the long period of her infancy Humanity has been preparing this the most precious of her intellectual attainments, as the basis for the only system of life which is permanently adapted to our nature.

The influence of the moral principle is necessary to recall it to its true function; since if its investigations were allowed to assume an absolute character, and to recognise no limit, we should only be repeating in a scientific form many of the worst results of theological and metaphysical belief. The Universe is to be studied not for its own sake, but 38 A GENERAL VIEW OF POSITIVISM. I. for the sake of Man or rather of Humanity. To study it in any other spirit would not only be immoral, but also highly irrational.

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