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By A. Leone, C. Perrotta, B. Maresca (auth.), Luigi Sanità di Toppi, Barbara Pawlik-Skowrońska (eds.)

This publication offers a worthwhile perception into how the realm of plant variation to abiotic stresses has stepped forward throughout the program of the hot applied sciences. The e-book involves 8 chapters written by means of striking scientists the world over, who perform learn on the leading edge in their disciplines. the subjects, addressed in updated particular chapters, comprise results and responses of crops to stresses brought on by such components as: 1) extreme temperature, 2) low temperature (chilling and freezing), three) salt, four) drought, five) flooding, 6) heavy metals, 7) increased carbon dioxide, eight) ozone.

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However, exogenous application of ABA does activate cold acclimation. These results may be explained by the above mentioned role of CRTIDRE regulon expression in cold and freezing tolerance. Significantly, the COR gene family (and possibly other CBF-regulated genes not yet identified) are highly expressed in response to exogenous ABA. It is to be noted that aba and abi mutations abolish the 36 M. BRACALE AND I. CORAGGIO ABA-mediated induction of the COR genes expression, but do not affect their expression at low temperatures.

1996). Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA. 93, 10614. , Galbraith, D, and Bohnert, H. J. (2001). Plant Cell. 13,889. Nakajima, K. N. (2002). Plant Cell. , 265. , Murray, J. A. H. (2000). Curro Opin. Biotech. 11,138. Stals H, Inze D. (2001). Trends Plant Sci. 6, 359. , Yokoi S. (2000). Plant Cell Environ. 23, 107. H. and Schoffl, F. (1996). Mol. Gen. 252, II. CHAPTER 2 CHILLING AND FREEZING STRESSES IN PLANTS: CELLULAR RESPONSES AND MOLECULAR STRATEGIES FOR ADAPTATION M. BRACALEa AND I. H Dunant 3,21100, Varese, Italy b IBBA, CNR,via Bassini 15, 20133, Milano, Italy Abstract.

Overcoming the above mentioned bottlenecks is of one of the most propelling priorities that scientists have to face to move from model plants to realistic heat tolerant crops in the field [116]. To ameliorate the small effects on heat tolerance produced by manipulation of individual genes, it is necessary to identify regulatory genes, able to control the whole battery of genes crucial for heat tolerance. The manipulation of specific genes of signal perception and transduction has proved indeed useful in controlling expression of multiple genes through single gene transfer.

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