Download Achieving A Sustainable Global Energy System: Identifying by Asami Miketa, Keywan Riahi, Richard Alexander Roehrl, Leo PDF

By Asami Miketa, Keywan Riahi, Richard Alexander Roehrl, Leo Schrattenholzer

Sustainable improvement and worldwide weather switch have figured prominently in medical research and foreign policymaking because the early Nineteen Nineties. This ebook formulates expertise recommendations that might result in environmentally sustainable power structures, in response to an research of worldwide weather swap concerns utilizing the idea that of sustainable improvement. The authors specialise in environmentally appropriate, long term know-how advancements in the international power method, whereas additionally contemplating facets of financial and social sustainability. The authors examine loads of substitute eventualities and illustrate the diversities among those who meet the factors for sustainable improvement and those who don't. because of their research, they establish numerous promising socio-economic and environmental improvement paths which are in line with sustainable improvement. One sustainable-development state of affairs and its coverage implications are then awarded intimately from a expertise switch standpoint. The authors suggest formidable goals for know-how adoption which are judged to accomplish the specified socio-economic and environmental objectives. even if the optimum coverage combine to pursue those pursuits is obviously country-specific, the authors recommend that energy-related R&D that ends up in expertise functionality advancements and the advertising of expertise adoption in area of interest markets are the coverage ideas on the way to yield the main major long term advantages. Policymakers, economists and researchers engaged on sustainability, power economics, and know-how swap and innovation will welcome this topical and hugely readable booklet.

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Specific technology costs decrease significantly5 for solar photovoltaic, fuel cells, hydrogen and wind technologies, and for liquid fuel production from coal or oil/gas. The A1 scenario assumes plentiful energy resources and high improvement rates for extraction, conversion and transport technologies. This initially results in the use of large quantities of hydrocarbon fuels, which later are increasingly replaced by options that do not emit carbon dioxide. 8). A1C The A1C scenario is dominated by ‘clean coal’ technologies.

5 illustrating three variables, which cannot freely take arbitrary values because they are all positive and required to add up to 100 per cent. Because of this restriction, they can be plotted in two dimensions without loss of information. 3). For the years 1990 to 2100, quite distinct trajectories unfold for the five baseline reference scenarios A2, B2, A1, A1G and A1C (long dashes) and for the four 550 ppmv CO2 concentration stabilization cases A2-550, B2-550, A1-550 and A1C-550 (short dashes).

Second, that level appears as a kind of first-order compromise between environmental and economic objectives. The whole concept of considering concentration limits refers to the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change, which includes, as its central objective, the ‘stabilization of greenhouse gas concentrations in the atmosphere at a level that would prevent dangerous anthropogenic interference with the climate system’. Since it is far from clear what level would achieve this goal, alternative concentration limits are used in carbon mitigation scenarios.

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