By P N Kourounakis
The dept of Pharmaceutical-Medicinal Chemistry, college of Pharmacy, Aristotelian collage of Thessaloniki, organizes, some other yr, a graduate seminar in complex medicinal chemistry, with foreign participation, in Thessaloniki. the aim of this seminar is to aid younger and bold pharmaceutical scientists during this box through updating their wisdom and informing them in regards to the new traits in our technology, throughout the displays of popular invited audio system. it's also aimed to create a discussion board for trade of principles in medicinal chemistry, in a unique casual setting, bringinginternationally well-known medicinal chemists toward their Greek colleagues. many of the invited audio system during this sequence of seminars are: A.H.Beckett, A.Benakis, N.Bodor, D.D.Breimer, J.Caldwell, R.Ganellin, J.Gorrod, R.Franke, H.Kappus, P.Krogsgaard-Larsen, A.Makriyiannis, J.Seydel, H.Sies, J.Tollenaere and W.Wiegrebe.
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Extra resources for Advanced Drug Design and Development: A Medicinal Chemistry Approach
13). APPA actually is the first example of a partial agonist at AMPA receptors . AMPA RECEPTOR ANTAGONISTS The specificity of (S)-AMPA as an agonist at AMPA receptors is assumed to be associated with the rigid and planar structure of the acidic 3-isoxazolol unit of this compound (Fig. 14) as established by X-ray crystallography [66–69]. This heterocyclic nucleus is a bioisostere of the terminal carboxyl group of Glu, and the structural characteristics of AMPA are only to a limited extent shared by the structurally related heterocyclic amino acid QUIS .
2) AMPA receptors at which quisqualic acid (QUIS) is a non-selective and (RS)-2-amino-3-(3-hydroxy-5-methylisoxazol-4-yl)propionic acid (AMPA) a highly selective agonist [20, 42]. A number of quinoxalinediones are very potent but non-selective antagonists at AMPA receptors [43, 44]. FALCH [CHAP. 3 Fig. 10. Whole-cell patch-clamp recording from a hippocampal neurone. Holding potential was −60 mV with −10 mV command potentials superimposed to monitor membrane conductance. Drugs were applied in the vicinity of the neurone by a multi-barrel perfusion pipette.
3 The effects of 4-PIOL on muscimol-induced stimulation of diazepam binding are very similar to those of the GABAA antagonist bicuculline methochloride (BMC)  (Fig. 9). This unique pharmacological profile seems to suggest that 4-PIOL is acting as an agonist at spinal GABAA receptors, but as a GABAA antagonist in supraspinal tissue preparations. Whole-cell patch-clamp recordings from cultured hippocampal neurones have been used to further characterize the action of 4-PIOL  (Fig. 10). The action of 4-PIOL was compared with that of the GABAA agonist isoguvacine.