By Robert K. Poole
First released in 1967, Advances in Microbial body structure is one in all Elsevier's most famous and acclaimed sequence. Now edited by means of Professor Robert Poole, collage of Sheffield, Advances in Microbial body structure keeps to put up topical and significant stories, studying body structure in its broadest context, to incorporate all fabric that contributes to our realizing of ways microorganisms and their part elements paintings. themes contain: * Glutathione, Altruistic Metabolite in Fungi * The function of the Flavodiiron Proteins in Microbial Nitric Oxide detoxing * rigidity Responsive micro organism: Biosensors as Environmental displays * Bacterial Na+ -or H+ - coupled ATP working at low electrochemical capability * Dissimiatory Fe(III) and Mn(IV) aid
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Additional info for Advances in Microbial Physiology, Vol. 49
2001). 0. 6, the GSH pool was depleted rapidly but no antibiotic production was observed, which was explained by progressing cell death and autolysis. , 2003). , 2001). A. , 2003). , 1988). Met also increased the speciﬁc activity of gGT and, hence, the turnover rate of GSH, which facilitated the uptake of Met and made a Met ! GSH ! , 2003). GLUTATHIONE METABOLISM IN FUNGI 47 Figure 11 The toxicity of the protonophore side-chain precursors PA and POA is likely to be connected to the formation of toxic epoxide intermediates of hydroxylation reactions on the aromatic rings in P.
1997). 34 ISTVA´N PO´CSI, ROLF A. PRADE AND MICHEL J. 3. Desiccation The well-known tolerance of lichens to drought, heat and cold is due to a combination of cellular protective and repair mechanisms (Honegger, 1998). For example, both the formation of GSSG during desiccation and its reduction upon hydration are important elements of the adaptation mechanism of lichens to drought (Kranner and Grill, 1996, 1997). GSSG reacts with thiol groups of proteins forming protein–SSG mixed disulﬁdes, resulting in protection against desiccation-induced oxidative injuries such as the irreversible random formation of intramolecular disulﬁde bridges or the uncontrolled oxidation of thiols to sulfonic acids (Kranner and Grill, 1996, 1997).
These peroxisomes contain at least two matrix enzymes, a H2O2-generating methanol oxidase and a H2O2decomposing catalase (Fig. 8) (Sahm, 1977). Formaldehyde produced by the oxidase is exported towards the cytosol and incorporated in part by central metabolism in yeast. Excess formaldehyde is metabolized through the formaldehyde dehydrogenase (FaDH)-S-formyl glutathione Figure 8 The metabolism of methanol in methylotrophic yeasts. (1) Methanol oxidase; (2) catalase; (3) formaldehyde dehydrogenase; (4) S-formyl GSH hydrolase; (5) formate dehydrogenase; (6) formaldehyde assimilation pathway.