Download Alien Plants (Collins New Naturalist Library, Volume 129) by Michael J. Crawley, Clive A. Stace PDF

By Michael J. Crawley, Clive A. Stace

The note 'aliens' can be utilized in lots of methods, to invoke worry, dislike and fascination. For biologists it truly is used to point organisms which have been brought by way of humans to new territories. within the British Isles alien crops are universal, conspicuous, pestiferous, attractive, fit to be eaten – and will be either worthy and damaging. during the last fifty years, the examine of alien vegetation has advanced from an eccentric pastime, permitting beginner botanists to extend the whole of untamed crops that they can checklist, to the full-blown sciences of invasion ecology and alien genetics. Alien species not current an not obligatory additional, yet needs to be authorised as a vital part of mainstream botanical research. the volume and breadth of information that has been amassed on alien vegetation within the British Isles is outstanding. the topic has familiarize yourself either to naturalists and most people, because of such diversified issues as harm to the surroundings by means of jap Knotweed and New Zealand Pigmyweed, the charm of bees and butterflies to towns through such crops as Buddleja, the complaints concerning Leylandii hedges, the threats to the purity of our local Bluebell by way of the mass planting of its Spanish relative, and the cultivation of latest varieties of Christmas tree. during this very important addition to the recent Naturalist sequence, Stace and Crawley supply a accomplished evaluation of the various crops that experience turn into a vital part of the British wild plant life and a distinct perception into why alien crops are so vital.

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A. 1988. Oxidant tumor promoter. In: UCLA Symposia on Molecular and Cellular Biology New Series, Vol. 58, Growth Factors, Tumor Promoters, and Cancer Genes. H. L. Moses, EJ. ). Alan R. Y. pp 239-247. 43. LUPULESCU, A. 1978. Enhancement of carcinogenesis by prostaglandins. Nature 272:634-636. 44. S. 1992. Inhibitors of the arachidonic acid cascade and their chemoprevention of colon carcinogenesis. In: Cancer Chemoprevention. (L. Wattenberg, M. w. L. ). CRC Press, Boca Raton. pp 153-164. 45. K. 1980.

55 However, consistent with this interaction being of physiologic importance, tamoxifen demonstrates complete antiestrogenic activity in estrogen-responsive breast cancer cells wherein estrogen inhibits c-erbB-2 proto-oncogene expression. 56 Additionally, with MCF7 cells, tamoxifen down-regulates a 52 kDa protein induced by estrogen,57 4-0H-tamoxifen blocks estrogen-induced down-regulation of estrogen receptor, and inhibition of cell proliferation in the low concentration range (10- 10_10- 8 M) can be completely negated by the addition of estradiol.

C. 1989. Possible role for vitamin Din controlling breast cancer cell proliferation. Lancet, January 28, 1989, pp 188-191. 49. C. 1986. 1,25-Dihydroxyvitamin D3 binding in estrogen-responsive rat breast tumor. Endocrinol. 119:397-403. 50. G. 1992. Induction of covalent DNAadducts in rodents by tamoxifen. Cancer Res. 52:1360-1363. 51. SMIGEL, K. 1992. Breast cancer prevention trial takes off. J. Natl. Cancer Inst. 84:669-670. 52. C. 1988. Mechanism of the estrogen receptor interaction with 4-hydroxytamoxifen.

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