Download Animal Camouflage: Mechanisms and Function by Martin Stevens, Sami Merilaita PDF

By Martin Stevens, Sami Merilaita

Within the final decade, study at the formerly dormant box of camouflage has complex swiftly, with a number of reviews difficult conventional strategies, investigating formerly untested theories and incorporating a better appreciation of the visible and cognitive structures of the observer. utilizing reports of either actual animals and synthetic platforms, this ebook synthesises the present kingdom of play in camouflage learn and knowing. It introduces the different sorts of camouflage and the way they paintings, together with historical past matching, disruptive colour and obliterative shading. It additionally demonstrates the methodologies used to check them and discusses how camouflage pertains to different matters, rather with reference to what it might probably let us know approximately visible belief. the combination of fundamental study and studies indicates scholars and researchers the place the sphere at the moment stands and the place intriguing and significant difficulties stay to be solved, illustrating how the examine of camouflage is probably going to growth sooner or later.

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Additional info for Animal Camouflage: Mechanisms and Function

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Evolution, 58, 1549–1559. Sumner, F. B. 1934. Does protective coloration protect? Results of some experiments with fishes and birds. Proceedings of the National Academy of Science, Washington, 20, 559–564. , Mori, S. & Yamawaki, T. 1978. Textural features corresponding to visual perception. IEEE Transactions on Systems, Man, and Cybernetics, 8, 460–473. Thayer, A. H. 1896. The laws which underlie protective coloration. The Auk 13, 124–129. Thayer, A. H. 1918. Camouflage. The Scientific Monthly, 7, 481–494.

Walker, H. J. 2006. Disruptive contrast in animal camouflage. Proceedings of the Royal Society, Series B, 273, 2433–2438. , P´arraga, C. , Cuthill, I. , Partridge, J. C. & Troscianko, T. S. 2007. Using digital photography to study animal coloration. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society, 90, 211–237. , Winney, I. S. & Cantor, A. 2008. Testing Thayer’s hypothesis: can camouflage work by distraction? Biology Letters, 4, 648–650. , Stoddard, M. C. & Higham, J. P. 2009a. Studying primate color: towards visual system dependent methods.

However, before the theory of evolution through natural selection, this association was far from self-evident. A deeper understanding of animal coloration became possible after the theory of natural selection began gaining ground. Initially, adaptive explanations regarding the coloration of animals had to compete with suggestions that animal colours were a by-product of some physical reaction caused by sunlight, tinted rays, heat or moisture, or with suggestions for proximate explanation for colour change that invoke photographic reactions and the intake of soil substrates with food, resulting in increased similarity with the habitat (see Wallace 1889).

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