Download Biofuels from Algae by Ashok Pandey, Duu-Jong Lee, Yusuf Chisti, Carlos R. Soccol PDF

By Ashok Pandey, Duu-Jong Lee, Yusuf Chisti, Carlos R. Soccol

This publication presents in-depth details on uncomplicated and utilized features of biofuels construction from algae. It starts off with an creation to the subject, and follows with the elemental medical features of algal cultivation and its use for biofuels construction, akin to photograph bioreactor engineering for microalgae creation, open tradition platforms for biomass construction and the economics of biomass construction. It offers state of the art details on man made biology ways for algae appropriate for biofuels creation, via algal biomass harvesting, algal oils as fuels, biohydrogen creation from algae, formation/production of co-products, and extra. The e-book additionally covers subject matters comparable to metabolic engineering and molecular biology for algae for gasoline construction, existence cycle evaluate and scale-up and commercialization. it's hugely worthy and permits you to plan new study and layout new economically plausible techniques for the creation of fresh fuels from algae.

  • Covers in a entire yet concise approach lots of the algae biomass conversion applied sciences at present available
  • Lists all of the items made out of algae, i.e. biohydrogen, gasoline oils, etc., their homes and capability uses
  • Includes the economics of a number of the strategies and the required steps for scaling them up

Show description

Read Online or Download Biofuels from Algae PDF

Best alternative & renewable books

The Solar Economy: Renewable Energy for a Sustainable Global Future

The worldwide economic system and our lifestyle are in response to the exploitation of fossil fuels, which not just threaten enormous environmental and social disruption via worldwide warming yet, at the present charges of intake, will run out inside many years, inflicting large business dislocation and fiscal cave in.

A Renewable World: Energy, Ecology, Equality

Weather switch and effort shortages are set to develop into the best demanding situations for humanity within the twenty-first century. whereas a number of experiences have given a few indication approximately what may be performed to return to grips with those difficulties, little or no has been written approximately how those important alterations might be caused.

Renewable Energy and Climate Change

This spectacular introductory textbook encompasses the total variety of cutting-edge vital renewable power applied sciences. sunlight thermal, photovoltaic, wind, hydro, biomass and geothermal power obtain balanced therapy with one intriguing and informative bankruptcy dedicated to each one. in addition to a whole assessment of those cutting-edge applied sciences, the chapters offer: transparent research on their improvement potentials; an overview of the commercial facets concerned; concrete assistance for sensible implementation; tips to lessen your personal power waste.

Modeling and Control of Fuel Cells: Distributed Generation Applications

The single e-book to be had on gasoline phone modeling and keep an eye on with disbursed energy new release applicationsThe rising gasoline mobilephone (FC) know-how is growing to be speedily in its functions from small-scale moveable electronics to large-scale strength new release. This publication offers scholars, engineers, and scientists a superior figuring out of the FC dynamic modeling and controller layout to evolve FCs to specific purposes in allotted strength new release.

Extra resources for Biofuels from Algae

Sample text

The cultivation of microalgae as part of biotechnology has received researcher attention. The growth conditions and the bioreactors for cultivation have been thoroughly studied (Borowitzka, 1999). The principle behind cultivation of microalgae for the production of biomass is the use of photosynthesis (Vonshak, 1997), which involves using solar energy and converting it into chemical energy. Microalgae are photosynthetic prokaryotic or eukaryotic microorganisms that grow rapidly and have the ability to live in different environments due to their unicellular or simple multicellular structure.

12 Biomass Harvest The harvesting of biomass is the removal of biomass from the culture medium. This process can involve one or more steps, including chemical, physical, or biological methods. , 2010). Some techniques for harvesting the biomass include sedimentation, flocculation, centrifugation, filtration, flotation, and electrophoresis. The costs of these operations are relatively high due to the low initial concentration of biomass and the fact that the cells are negatively charged and due to an excess of organic material, which contributes to its stability in a dispersed state (Brennan and Owende, 2010).

2011). , 2010). The engineering of a photobioreactor must also be designed to add gas transfer equipment, which will increase the gas distribution and the contact of the gas with the liquid. , 2010). In vertical tubular, horizontal, or airlift photobioreactors, the biofixation of the CO2 is increased by the route of the gas along the tube as well as by the use of sprinklers that release small bubbles, increasing the contact surface between the gas and the liquid. , 2010). 9 Temperature Temperature is one of the major factors that regulate cell morphology and physiology as well as the byproducts of the microalgal biomass.

Download PDF sample

Rated 4.23 of 5 – based on 8 votes