By Ashok Pandey, Duu-Jong Lee, Yusuf Chisti, Carlos R. Soccol
This publication presents in-depth details on uncomplicated and utilized features of biofuels construction from algae. It starts off with an creation to the subject, and follows with the elemental medical features of algal cultivation and its use for biofuels construction, akin to photograph bioreactor engineering for microalgae creation, open tradition platforms for biomass construction and the economics of biomass construction. It offers state of the art details on man made biology ways for algae appropriate for biofuels creation, via algal biomass harvesting, algal oils as fuels, biohydrogen creation from algae, formation/production of co-products, and extra. The e-book additionally covers subject matters comparable to metabolic engineering and molecular biology for algae for gasoline construction, existence cycle evaluate and scale-up and commercialization. it's hugely worthy and permits you to plan new study and layout new economically plausible techniques for the creation of fresh fuels from algae.
- Covers in a entire yet concise approach lots of the algae biomass conversion applied sciences at present available
- Lists all of the items made out of algae, i.e. biohydrogen, gasoline oils, etc., their homes and capability uses
- Includes the economics of a number of the strategies and the required steps for scaling them up
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Extra resources for Biofuels from Algae
The cultivation of microalgae as part of biotechnology has received researcher attention. The growth conditions and the bioreactors for cultivation have been thoroughly studied (Borowitzka, 1999). The principle behind cultivation of microalgae for the production of biomass is the use of photosynthesis (Vonshak, 1997), which involves using solar energy and converting it into chemical energy. Microalgae are photosynthetic prokaryotic or eukaryotic microorganisms that grow rapidly and have the ability to live in different environments due to their unicellular or simple multicellular structure.
12 Biomass Harvest The harvesting of biomass is the removal of biomass from the culture medium. This process can involve one or more steps, including chemical, physical, or biological methods. , 2010). Some techniques for harvesting the biomass include sedimentation, flocculation, centrifugation, filtration, flotation, and electrophoresis. The costs of these operations are relatively high due to the low initial concentration of biomass and the fact that the cells are negatively charged and due to an excess of organic material, which contributes to its stability in a dispersed state (Brennan and Owende, 2010).
2011). , 2010). The engineering of a photobioreactor must also be designed to add gas transfer equipment, which will increase the gas distribution and the contact of the gas with the liquid. , 2010). In vertical tubular, horizontal, or airlift photobioreactors, the biofixation of the CO2 is increased by the route of the gas along the tube as well as by the use of sprinklers that release small bubbles, increasing the contact surface between the gas and the liquid. , 2010). 9 Temperature Temperature is one of the major factors that regulate cell morphology and physiology as well as the byproducts of the microalgal biomass.